The best route to being completely free from symptoms is to consistently avoid (eliminate) the allergen which triggers the disorder. However, for most allergens such as pollen, certain types of mould and some animal hairs, this is not possible.

Acute allergic complaints may be treated using medications. Depending on the type of active substance, they can either weaken or fully suppress allergic reactions. A distinction is made between systemic and topical medications.

Systemic medications:

Systemic medications affect the whole body and are mostly administered in the form of tablets or injections.

Topical medications:

The effect of topical medications is restricted to the area of the body to which they are applied. Typical examples are ointments, nasal or eye drops and asthma inhalers.

Advantages and disadvantages of treatment using medications 


  • Fast, positive effect 


  • No lasting improvement of the allergy
  • Very expensive over the long term
  • Patients need to keep their medications close at hand always      

An allergy may deteriorate over the course of time The symptoms may intensify and spread to the lungs, additional allergies may also emerge. Therefore, you should check whether hyposensitisation applies in your case because the allergy can then be treated from a causal viewpoint. This therapy can cure your symptoms fully or at least significantly reduce them.